AMMONIA AS FUEL
Renewable energy sources are becoming more prominent as the world is beginning to look away from fossil fuels and look towards more sustainable options, including solar energy, wind, biofuels, and hydrogen fuel cells. While use of ammonia (NH3) as a fuel for existing internal combustion engines is often overlooked, as a high-density carrier of hydrogen ammonia holds high potential to become a leading renewable, cost-effective and carbon-free fuel.
Ammonia is an industrially important chemical consumed predominantly in fertilizer manufacturing and manufacturing pharmaceutical products. It is also used as a refrigerant gas and in manufacturing textiles, plastics, and explosives. There are numerous benefits associated with using ammonia as a fuel in internal combustion engines, including:
- Compatible with existing infrastructure, which facilitates easy transport of ammonia across the world,
- Carbon-free emissions from ammonia combustion,
- Easy storage; ammonia is a liquid at room temperature (e.g. Hydrogen fuel requires high-pressure tanks for storage, whereas ammonia does not)
- Easy use; Ammonia can be directly and efficiently injected into an engine .(Note: mixing with combustible solvents may be required)
The concept of using ammonia as a fuel offers enormous potential to provide both energy solutions and business opportunities for reducing fossil fuel use in remote communities in Canada and elsewhere.
DC Grid Corp is currently investigating opportunities to support ammonia’s adoption as a renewable, clean, and cost-effective fuel.